Farmhouse yeast registry

This is a registry of the known farmhouse yeast cultures. "Farmhouse yeast", in this context, means yeast cultures that have been used in traditional farmhouse brewing in Europe over a considerable timespan.

The purpose of the registry is to tell researchers and brewers which cultures are known, and what their properties are. The idea is that this will help the community keep track of which cultures are which.

Originally, the registry was known as a "kveik registry", but research has shown that the kveik yeasts form a distinct sub-family of farmhouse yeasts. This registry therefore only labels yeasts belonging to that family as kveik. (The FY prefix means "farmhouse yeast".)

Not all of these yeast cultures have been collected, and not all of them have been analyzed. A few may turn out not to be farmhouse yeasts at all. The table is updated every now and then. For more information, see the blog.

Bjørke
Kaunas
Strandadalen
Stranda
Aurland
Ørsta
Nordfjordeid
Bleie
Voss
Joniškelis
Stordal
Hornindal
Hornindal
Hornindal
Hornindal
Hornindal
Hornindal
Ål
Ål
Ål
Eidsdal
Hornindal
Stordal
Hornindal
Eidsdal
Eidsdal
Stordal
Voss
Stranda
Sykkylven
Voss
Olden
Lærdal
Voss
Hornindal
Paliūniškis
Dusetos
Jovarai
Hellesylt
Vågå
Kshaushi
Kshaushi
Briežuciems
Jordal
Bērzpils
Drąseikiai
No Name Owner Place NCYC Pitch Harvest Bacteria POF Strains Max ABV
1Sigmund Sigmund Gjernes Voss 3995 39 bottom N N 3 13
2Rivenes Svein Rivenes Voss 3545 37 top     7  
3Stranda Stein Langlo Stranda 4021 30 top   N 1 16
4Muri Bjarne Muri Olden 4045 32     Y 2 14
5Hornindal Terje Raftevold Hornindal 4051 30 top Y N 8 16
6Lærdal Dagfinn Wendelbo Lærdal   30 either   N 6 14
7Granvin Tor Ølver Helland Voss   30 bottom N N   16
8Saure Sigurd Johan Saure Sykkylven 4171 30 bottom N N 10 15
9Ebbegarden Jens Aage Øvrebust Stordal 4224 28 top Y N   16
10Framgarden Petter B Øvrebust Stordal 4170 30   N N   16
11Lida Samuel Lien Hornindal   33 top        
12Nupen Jarle Nupen Eidsdal 4196 31 top N   8  
13Årset Jakob Torp Årset Eidsdal   28 top        
14Eitrheim Reidar Eitrheim Bleie   37 either        
15Nornes Voss John Nornes Voss 4101 36       5  
16Simonaitis Julius Simonaitis Joniškelis 4207 35 top Y Y 5 15
17Midtbust Odd H Midtbust Stordal   33 top     6  
18Gausemel Olav Sverre Gausemel Hornindal   30 top        
19Nystein Aave Nystein     28 top        
20Espe Arve Espe Hornindal   20 top     4  
21Tomasgard Lars Andreas Tomasgård Hornindal 4208 29 top Y   4  
22Stalljen Stig Jarle Seljeseth Hornindal   31 either        
23Grodås John Anfinn Grodås Hornindal              
24? Olve Knapstad Hirth Raundalen              
25Raftevold gård Stein Ove Raftevold Hornindal              
26Arnegard Nils Arnegard Ål   35 top Y      
27Skrindo Sverre Skrindo Ål   35 top     4  
28Halvorsgard Bjarne Halvorsgard Ål   32 top        
29Løvold, Eidsdal Ottar Løvold Eidsdal              
30Otterdal Rasmus Kjøs Hornindal              
31Ner-Saure Einar Saure Bjørke   25          
32Jovaru Aldona Udriene Jovarai   29          
33Su Puta Arturas Gura Paliūniškis              
34Čižas Ramunas Čižas Dusetos              
35Wollsæter Jørgen Wollsæter Hellesylt   34.5 top        
36Gardsøy Edel Aas Vågå              
37Apynys Vytautas Zybavičiaus Kaunas           6  
38Aurland Per Stundal Aurland   26 bottom        
39Marina Marina Fyodorovna Kshaushi 4247 39 bottom Y   2  
40Rima Rima Il'inischna Petrova Kshaushi       Y   5  
41Skare Gunnar Skare Ørsta 4235 31 top N   2  
42Pundurs Francis Pundurs Briežuciems     bottom     2  
43Opshaug Harald Opshaug Strandadalen   23.5 top        
44Jordal Hallvor Måge Jordal   32       4  
45Rakstiņš Dainis Rakstiņš Bērzpils           4  
46Drąseikiai Vytautas ???? Drąseikiai   32.5          
47Folkestad Hans Folkestad Nordfjordeid              
48Hovden Dagfinn Hovden Stranda   27.5          

FY 1: Sigmund

Owner Sigmund Gjernes
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Voss
NCYC 3995
Pitch 39.0°C
Max growth temperature 43
Max ABV 13 %
Attenuation 80 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest bottom
Bacteria N
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 3
Also known as The Yeast Bay: Sigmund's Voss Kveik, Omega OYL-061 Voss Kveik

Taste: Orange peel, earth, and Christmas spice.

Provenance: The people from the farm of Gjernes, Sigmund among them, used kveik from Brynjulv Gjernes. When Sigmund moved to his own farm he mixed it with kveik from a neighbour, Kåre Hovda. Hovda had his kveik from Bordalen. The people at Gjernes used to get kveik from Veka in Dyrvedalen.

Documentation:

FY 2: Rivenes

Owner Svein Rivenes
Collected by Håken Hveem
Place Voss
NCYC 3545
Pitch 37.0°C
Kveik Y
Harvest top
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 7

Taste: Produces clear orange-like flavours, similar to #1

Provenance: Rivenes says the yeast has always been in Dyrvedalen. He doesn't know that it has ever come from anywhere else.

Documentation:

FY 3: Stranda

Owner Stein Langlo
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Stranda
NCYC 4021
Pitch 30.0°C
Max growth temperature 40
Max ABV 16 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 1
Also known as Omega OYL-057 Hothead

Taste: Deep, tropical fruit aroma reminiscent of banana, with some light funky notes.

Documentation:

FY 4: Muri

Owner Bjarne Muri
Collected by Bjarne Muri
Place Olden
NCYC 4045
Pitch 32.0°C
Max growth temperature 40
Max ABV 14 %
Phenolic Y
Kveik N
Species Hybrid
Strains 2
Also known as White Labs WLP 6788

Taste: Can produce a strong sulphury aroma, reminiscent of rubber boots, which the yeast will clean up after some weeks. If well used will produce a fruity aroma reminiscent of Belgian blonde ale. Phenolic.

Provenance: The yeast was used in brewing on the farm Muri, the last time in 1992. It was left dried in a cellar on the farm. Bjarne Muri found it there and was able to successfully revive it. He doesn't know anything about the time before 1992. Most likely this is not the original yeast, but a contaminant.

FY 5: Hornindal

Owner Terje Raftevold
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Hornindal
NCYC 4051
Pitch 30.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 16 %
Attenuation 78 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Bacteria Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 8
Also known as Escarpment Hornindal Kveik Blend, Omega OYL-091 Hornindal Kveik

Provenance: Terje got the yeast from Olav Sverre Gausemel in the 1990s. It has not been mixed with any other yeast since. See #18 for more.

Documentation:

FY 6: Lærdal

Owner Dagfinn Wendelbo
Collected by Arvid Solheim
Place Lærdal
Pitch 30.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 14 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest either
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 6

Provenance: Dagfinn's yeast went bad a couple of years ago, so he got new yeast from Per Hjermann at the farm Stødno in Lærdal. Where Per has the yeast from is not yet known.

FY 7: Granvin

Owner Tor Ølver Helland
Collected by Lars Olav Muren
Place Voss
Pitch 30.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 16 %
Attenuation 73 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Harvest bottom
Bacteria N
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Provenance: Muren got the yeast from Einar Vestrheim. Vestrheim brews together with Tor Ølver Helland, who lived in Granvin in the 1980s. Helland got the yeast from his father-in-law Hans Haugse in the mid-80s, and has kept it alive since. Hans Haugse says he got the kveik from a man named Arnøy in Dyrvedalen in Voss. Arnøy is long since dead, but other sources remember him as Johan Arnøy. The kveik probably shares an origin with #2.

FY 8: Saure

Owner Sigurd Johan Saure
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Sykkylven
NCYC 4171
Pitch 30.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 15 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest bottom
Bacteria N
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 10

Provenance: His grandfather always claimed the yeast had been on the farm since the farm was founded in the 16th century. He knows for certain that his great-grandfather used it. It's probably been mixed with other yeasts. He knows for certain that this happened in the 1950s. That yeast came from Straumsdalen in nearby Skodje.

Documentation:

FY 9: Ebbegarden

Owner Jens Aage Øvrebust
Collected by William Holden
Place Stordal
NCYC 4224
Pitch 28.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 16 %
Attenuation 82 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Bacteria Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Taste: Tends to emphasize the bitterness of boiled hops, so be careful to either not boil the hops, or to reduce the IBU. Can make powerful tropical fruit aroma, if used right.

Provenance: He hasn't been explicit about where it came from, but he says it has always been in the valley.

FY 10: Framgarden

Owner Petter B Øvrebust
Collected by William Holden
Place Stordal
NCYC 4170
Pitch 30.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 16 %
Phenolic N
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Bacteria N
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae

FY 11: Lida

Owner Samuel Lien
Collected by William Holden
Place Hornindal
Pitch 33.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Taste: Soft, fruity, milky caramel aroma.

Provenance: Samuel Lien got the yeast from Hans Øen around 1980. Øen moved to Hornindal from Faleide in Stryn.

FY 12: Nupen

Owner Jarle Nupen
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Eidsdal
NCYC 4196
Pitch 31.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Bacteria N
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 8

Provenance: He got the yeast from Tore Hjelle in Eidsdal in 1979-80.

Documentation:

FY 13: Årset

Owner Jakob Torp Årset
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Eidsdal
Pitch 28.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Provenance: Comes from Jakob's maternal grandfather, Jakob Årset, on the farm Årset in Eidsdal.

FY 14: Eitrheim

Owner Reidar Eitrheim
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Bleie
Pitch 37.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest either

Provenance: Jakob Eitrheim (born 1920) got this yeast from his father, who again has it from his grandfather, who was brewing back in the 1860s. Both used it on the farm Eitrheim, just outside of Odda. Jakob doesn't know anything about before then. Reidar, who gave the yeast to me, is Jakob's grandson.

Documentation:

FY 15: Nornes Voss

Owner John Nornes
Collected by Martin Warren
Place Voss
NCYC 4101
Pitch 36.0°C
Kveik Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 5

Documentation:

FY 16: Simonaitis

Owner Julius Simonaitis
Collected by Simonas Gutautas
Place Joniškelis
NCYC 4207
Pitch 35.0°C
Max growth temperature 42
Max ABV 15 %
Phenolic Y
Kveik N
Can be dried N
Harvest top
Bacteria Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 5

Provenance: Simonaitis gets the yeast from his neighbours. Apparently he doesn't always get from the same neighbours, so there may be more than one culture in the village. Where the neighbours have the yeast from is not known.

FY 17: Midtbust

Owner Odd H Midtbust
Collected by Jens Aage Øvrebust
Place Stordal
Pitch 33.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 6

FY 18: Gausemel

Owner Olav Sverre Gausemel
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Hornindal
Pitch 30.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Provenance: The yeast comes from his home farm, Gausemel. He started using it in 1977. It's been mixed with other yeasts a number of times since then. It's been mixed 1-2 times after he gave it to Terje Raftevold (#5). He has very likely mixed #22 Staljen into it a few times.

FY 19: Nystein

Owner Aave Nystein
Pitch 28.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Provenance: He used it when he was brewing farmhouse ale in Telemark in the 1990s. He got it in 1992 from someone in Bø, Telemark. He doesn't know where it came from before that, but suspects Voss. The kveik was revived from a bottle from 1996. We're not sure it's not contaminated, but Nystein recently sent frozen yeast from 1997, which will be compared with the '96. The 1996 is POF+ and only a single strain. Both aspects set it apart from all other kveiks, so there is reason to be skeptical of the 1996. The 1997 has not been analyzed yet.

Documentation:

FY 20: Espe

Owner Arve Espe
Place Hornindal
Pitch 20.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 4

Provenance: It comes from his father. He doesn't know anything about before that. He himself has never mixed it with other kveiks.

FY 21: Tomasgard

Owner Lars Andreas Tomasgård
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Hornindal
NCYC 4208
Pitch 29.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Bacteria Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 4

Taste: Soft, fruity, milky caramel aroma.

Provenance: He mixed the kveik with kveik from Mattias Lunde about 15 years ago, but has not mixed it since. The yeast has been in the family as far as anyone can remember, but his grandfather farmed the Gausemel farm (see #18), so it's possible these two kveiks share an origin there. He knows his grandfather came from Eid in the 1930s, and brewed a beer in Hornindal for his own wedding then, taking the yeast with him from Eid. So it's possible the origin is really Eid. What his father did with it he doesn't really know. It may have been mixed during that time.

FY 22: Stalljen

Owner Stig Jarle Seljeseth
Place Hornindal
Pitch 31.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest either

Provenance: Seljeseth got the yeast from his father in the 70s and has been using it ever since. He has never mixed it with any other yeast. He calls his brewery 'Stalljen' (means 'stable') because it's in the house that used to be the stable on the farm. Some people spell it 'Staljen', but that's wrong. Many write his name as 'Stig Staljen', but this is doubly wrong. He has given yeast to Olav Sverre Gausemel sometimes, see #18.

FY 23: Grodås

Owner John Anfinn Grodås
Place Hornindal

FY 24: ?

Owner Olve Knapstad Hirth
Place Raundalen

FY 25: Raftevold gård

Owner Stein Ove Raftevold
Collected by William Holden
Place Hornindal
Kveik Y

FY 26: Arnegard

Owner Nils Arnegard
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Ål
Pitch 35.0°C
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Bacteria Y

Provenance: He has the yeast from his grandparents. He doesn't know where it comes from before that.

FY 27: Skrindo

Owner Sverre Skrindo
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Ål
Pitch 35.0°C
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Strains 4

Provenance: He got the yeast from his father. His father may have it from the farm Skrindo, or it may have been on the current farm (Krosshaug) all along. He's not sure. They have often exchanged yeast with Halvorsgard, so this may be the same as #28. Sometimes they got yeast from Torstein Jordet in nearby Oppheim.

FY 28: Halvorsgard

Owner Bjarne Halvorsgard
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Ål
Pitch 32.0°C
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Provenance: He doesn't know where the yeast comes from. As far as he knows it's always been on the farm. They have often exchanged yeast with Sverre Skrindo, so this may be the same as #27.

FY 29: Løvold, Eidsdal

Owner Ottar Løvold
Place Eidsdal

FY 30: Otterdal

Owner Rasmus Kjøs
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Hornindal
Can be dried Y

Provenance: Their own yeast had gone sour, so they tried yeast from many different sources. He doesn't remember any more which one this was.

FY 31: Ner-Saure

Owner Einar Saure
Place Bjørke
Pitch 25.0°C

Provenance: They got the yeast from Hornindal in the mid-1970s. Nothing more is known as yet.

FY 32: Jovaru

Owner Aldona Udriene
Place Jovarai
Pitch 29.0°C
Kveik N
Can be dried N

Provenance: She got the yeast from her grandfather. Where he got it from is not known.

Documentation:

FY 33: Su Puta

Owner Arturas Gura
Place Paliūniškis
Kveik N

Provenance: It's the family yeast, which they have from grandfather Jonas Gura.

Documentation:

FY 34: Čižas

Owner Ramunas Čižas
Place Dusetos
Kveik N

Provenance: He refuses to talk about the yeast.

Documentation:

FY 35: Wollsæter

Owner Jørgen Wollsæter
Collected by William Holden
Place Hellesylt
Pitch 34.5°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Provenance: It comes from the farm of Jørgen Wollsæter in Hellesylt. It had been standing, dried, in the basement for 25 years, but was revived, we think successfully. He got it from his father, and where his father got it from he doesn't know.

FY 36: Gardsøy

Owner Edel Aas
Place Vågå

Provenance: From a yeast ring in a storehouse on the farm of Gardsøy in Vågå, where Anne Øy (dead 1970) used it. Revived by Edel Aas. Not 100% certain if it's the original yeast.

FY 37: Apynys

Owner Vytautas Zybavičiaus
Place Kaunas
Kveik N
Strains 6

FY 38: Aurland

Owner Per Stundal
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Aurland
Pitch 26.0°C
Can be dried Y
Harvest bottom

Provenance: He found it dried in a storehouse on the farm. He thinks it was last used in 1978. He managed to revive it, and has brewed several beers with it that he really likes.

FY 39: Marina

Owner Marina Fyodorovna
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Kshaushi
NCYC 4247
Pitch 39.0°C
Kveik N
Can be dried N
Harvest bottom
Bacteria Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 2

Provenance: Marina says she inherited this yeast from her mother. She does not know where her mother got it from.

FY 40: Rima

Owner Rima Il'inischna Petrova
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Kshaushi
Kveik N
Can be dried N
Bacteria Y
Species Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Strains 5

FY 41: Skare

Owner Gunnar Skare
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Ørsta
NCYC 4235
Pitch 31.0°C
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top
Bacteria N
Strains 2

Provenance: He inherited it from his father. As far as he knows it's always been on the farm.

Documentation:

FY 42: Pundurs

Owner Francis Pundurs
Collected by Reinis Pļaviņš
Place Briežuciems
Kveik N
Can be dried N
Harvest bottom
Strains 2

Provenance: He inherited it from his father, but it went bad a few years ago, so he had to get new from his neighbours. They also got from him, so it could be the same one. Or maybe his neighbours started using lab yeast, in which case it's not a farmhouse yeast at all. Nobody knows for sure yet.

FY 43: Opshaug

Owner Harald Opshaug
Collected by Lars Marius Garshol
Place Strandadalen
Pitch 23.5°C
Attenuation 83 %
Kveik Y
Can be dried Y
Harvest top

Provenance: He got it from Oddmund Teigen, in the Stranda valley toward Hellesylt in the mid-90s. He doesn't know where Teigen got it from.

FY 44: Jordal

Owner Hallvor Måge
Collected by ???
Place Jordal
Pitch 32.0°C
Can be dried Y
Strains 4

Provenance: A home brewer drove from farm to farm, knocking on doors. At one of the farms they gave him this. They had beer, too.

FY 45: Rakstiņš

Owner Dainis Rakstiņš
Collected by Reinis Pļaviņš
Place Bērzpils
Kveik N
Strains 4

Provenance: He says he got it from an old brewer in the same village 20 years ago.

FY 46: Drąseikiai

Owner Vytautas ????
Collected by Simonas Gutautas
Place Drąseikiai
Pitch 32.5°C
Kveik N

Provenance: Shared between a number of brewers in Biržai. Most details missing, because the brewers are suspicious of outsiders. More to come.

FY 47: Folkestad

Owner Hans Folkestad
Collected by Marius Folkestad
Place Nordfjordeid

Provenance: His father, Hans Folkestand, got kveik both from Stranda, probably Stein Langlo, and also from Tore Nord in Nordfjordeid. The two kveiks were mixed, and this made a very good beer. So they kept using the mix, and even sent it back to Stranda.

FY 48: Hovden

Owner Dagfinn Hovden
Collected by Thor Bjørkedal Humberset
Place Stranda
Pitch 27.5°C

Provenance: Dagfinn Hovden got the yeast from Stein Langlo in Stranda in the 1990s. It could be the same as #3, but Langlo had more than one kveik.


Lars Marius Garshol, 2018-07-25